Thursday, September 3, 2015

Triangulation of autosomal DNA results

To really determine if the matches that you see are real you need to triangulate the results and I finally have a set of results where I can do that.

My Pincombe family which has been slow to work on in terms of DNA has proven to be my first family where I can triangulate results. This is an interesting family and it is also one of my one name studies so I have been looking at the paper/microfilmed records since 2006. The study was first begun in the 1930s by a young family doctor in England who was in the mid 1990s approaching his mid 90s and had to give up his research due to failing eyesight. But in 65 years he collected a lot of material including making abstracts of the Pincombe/Pinkham wills located at the Devon Record Office prior to the bombing of that office during World War II. Even better he deposited that material at the Society of Genealogists where a fourth cousin of mine (Pincombe) made copies of his charts and sent them off to me (she was not aware of the will abstracts at that time, I found them on a visit to the SOG library in 2013). His premise along with another researcher from the United States was that the Pincombe and the Pinkham family shared common ancestry and looking at the family charts that he produced this does appear to be the case where Pincombe and Pinkham were used interchangeably in several of the these families' trees. My own line at Bishops Nympton/South Molton/North Molton and area used the Pincomb/Pincombe spelling with no exceptions thus far. Although here in Canada my great grandfather and his family were recorded on the census as Pinkham once. I think that must have brought a sharp rebuke on  his part as it was considered to be extremely important to get the spelling of this name right and that carried on right down to my mother and her brother - essential to spell the name Pincombe!

The story really begins in Bishops Molton Devon where Richard Pincombe (son of William Pincombe and Emotte Snow) first appears in the parish registers there baptizing his son William along with his wife Anne. The next appearance is the burial of his wife and a young daughter and all of this occurring between 1598 and 1601. Richard remarried at Bishops Nympton and it is these two lines of his that form the Pincombe families that are found in Bishops Nympton right up to the middle of the 20th century. My mother knew her family line back to John Pincombe and Grace Manning who married at Bishops Nympton 20 Mar 1725 and baptized three children there:

William Pincombe baptized 20 Jun 1727 and married to Grace Smyth 13 Jun 1758 at North Molton (Grace's parents were John Smyth and Grace Shapland). They had one son William who was 21 years of age when he died and his parents both died in 1783.

John Pincombe baptized 13 Feb 1728 and married to Mary Charley/Charlie 8 Nov 1767 at Bishops Nympton. They had six children. Mary is perhaps the daughter of Hugh and Mary Charley of Kentisbury or of Richard and Joan Charley of Comb Martin (the second one is a new possibility suggested to me by a cousin (by DNA testing). All of their children married and the lines at Bishops Nympton come from these children or from the children of John Pincombe and Johane Blackmoore who married 25 Sep 1655 also at Bishops Nympton.

Grace baptized 7 Mar 1732 and married to John Butcher 31 Mar 1755 at Bishops Nympton. They had four children with two dying as infants and Grace herself was buried 16 Jun 1763 at Bishops Nympton.

I decided that to do a good job on this one name study I needed to understand my family very well and that has been a good tactic for me. Others go into one name study to find their family lines but in my case my lines were known to me in both Blake and Pincombe for centuries back. Hence I could provide material that could help people to either belong to my lines or eliminate all of them and concentrate in another area. Then DNA became the tool of the day and I decided to try and use it to look at the one name study for the Pincombe/Pinkham family.

It was an almost immediate failure as the yDNA of known long standing Pinkham lines did not match the yDNA result of my fifth cousin in Australia. I moved back from looking at yDNA but then autosomal DNA became more interesting and available and I suddenly had a couple of cousins that I could triangulate results to give me sections of chromosome that I could label Pincombe. That has moved along somewhat and I would now like to separate those "Pincombe" areas into "Rew," "Rowcliffe," and "Charley/Charlie." That will require more matches but I wanted to be ready to do that and so I charted the common areas thus far in our joint Pincombe ancestry.

The two individuals that I have so far with known Pincombe ancestry with respect to mine are a fourth cousin and a third cousin once removed. In all cases my siblings match these two individuals better than I do. The advantage to testing siblings is becoming more and more apparent as autosomal testing begins to dominate family studies other than straight line back yDNA studies. I know that Chromosome 6 and Chromosome 11 both contain matches with three sets of people (where my siblings and I constitute one set) and we know that we all share the same common ancestry from Robert Pincombe and Elizabeth Rowcliffe who married at Bishops Nympton 7 Jun 1803 and Robert was a son of John Pincombe and Mary Charley/Charlie mentioned earlier. Robert and Elizabeth had eight children and one of these children emigrated to the United States, two emigrated to Canada (a third also emigrated but was lost in the sinking of the Bark John in 1855 along with his entire family), one emigrated to Australia but his family remained in England, two others remained in England with one marrying and the eighth died at fifteen years of age. The Canadian family is mine and one of the sons of one of the emigrant families married a daughter of the other emigrant family thus creating a rather good set of Pincombe results for DNA investigation to compare with descendants which may enable the marking of sections as mentioned above (the wifes of these Pincombe men).

More results are coming so I should soon be able to report on this triangulation effort and assist other Pincombe descendants who suspect they may be related to this particular Pincombe line. Since I have for the most part traced down all of the lines from Richard first at Bishops Nympton in 1598, I am able to help people link to my line. I would like to do the same with other Pincombe families who also emigrated to Canada as I suspect they are descendant of the Bishops Nympton/North Molton/South Molton Pincombe families. This will be a rather interesting tool I think but needs more people to test their autosomal DNA who have Pincombe ancestry.

I also have Pinkham autosomal results  and knowing that this surname was not used in my line by the holders throughout the centuries it is not likely that we will find common points of ancestry between us and that is the case thus far but some of the Pincombe/Pinkham lines did use the surname interchangeably so these lines may be assisted by autosomal testing once we have built up a large enough set of data to utilize in that regard. The test though is limited to fourth cousin or less for largish chunks of autosomal DNA to match but there could be over time smaller chunks of DNA that could be attached to particular surnames although I like to work with 10 centimorgan lengths but time will tell just how small a chunk could be labeled. DNA is a new field and evolving rapidly. When my husband and I first tested back in 2006 it was a novelty. I did it to see my route out of Africa for both my maternal and paternal lines (my brother kindly tested for me).




Monday, August 31, 2015

Charley family

An interesting set of emails have gone back and forth between another member of the Charley family and myself. This Charley family is mentioned in the published book on the Charley family by Irene H Charley published in 1970 and titled: The Romance of the Charley Family. The crest of the Charley family appears on the front of the book. Chapter 13 talks about the Charley family of Jamaica and this individual is a descendant of that family.

My own line does not appear in the book as such but would possibly be considered to be in the chapter about North Devon although the spelling is Charlie by the priest. He had Mary sign as Mary Pincombe so I shall never know how she spelled her name! unless I am rather lucky.   For those unable to obtain a copy of this particular publication, The Devon family of North Devon is said to be descendant of a Hugh Charley who was of Irish descent. That this Hugh Charley came from Belfast and that they were located in Combe Martin and Kentisbury as yeoman farmers. I have recorded records for the Hugh Charley family at Combe Martin and Kentisbury in another blog:

http://kippeeb.blogspot.ca/search/label/Kentisbury

Chapter 10, page 69 begins the chapter on The Charleys of North Devon. Mention is made of a Hugh Charley and his wife Izis and for whom spoons were apparently created with the date 1761 and the initial I.C. They farmed at Combe Martin and Kentisbury. The oldest record that I have for a Charley family at Combe Martin is the baptism of the oldest child of Hugh and Charity Charley named Hugh and this baptism took place 25 Jan 1676. Most of the information is on the Charley family in the 1800s and1900s with a comment that they had been in North Devon for several centuries.

According to the book there is a marriage of Hugh Chorley (did he leave Ulster?) marrying Izis Watts at Bradford 17 Nov 1668. Is he the Hugh Charley found at Combe Martin as a church warden in 1699 (the book hints at that). A silver spoon was handed down in the North Devon family with the initials I.C. 1761.

The book has carefully gathered together a lot of information on the Charley families around the world with a number of genealogical charts. I can not yet place my Mary Charlie/Charley in any of these families although she likely was born in North Devon somewhat closeby to Bishops Nympton where she married John Pincombe in 1767. That she signed the parish register at this time is interesting in itself.


She has signed her name with a clear hand and nicely formed letters.

There are no other Charley/Chorley/Churley/Charlie families in the Bishop Nympton parish records at this time.

It is always nice to hear from possible cousins and I have a match on autosomal DNA with a person who has a Charley in his line. If we are able to find the common ancestor this might lead back to the Charley family at Comb Martin.

Friday, August 28, 2015

Margaret Tweddle (1728 - likely by 1818)

52 Ancestor Challenge - Challenge 35

Blake, King, Coleman, Pearce, Farmer, Mary (unknown), Lambden, Sarah (unknown), Knight, Ellis, Knight, Vincent, Butt, O'Ford, Arnold, Molton, Cotterell, Bartlett, Alderman, Shepherd, Sherwood, Elizabeth (unknown), Happerfield, Collins, Rawlings, Tanner, Dove, Morgan, Lywood, Lanham, unknown, Peck, Pincombe, Charley, Rowcliffe, Pearse, Rew, Moggridge, Siderfin, Kent, Gray, Hilton, Cobb, Sproxton, Routledge, Tweddle, Routledge, Routledge, (unknown) Buller, unknown, Beard, Hemsley, Welch, Brockhouse, Cheatle, Woodcock, unknown Taylor, unknown, Harborne, Lewis, Roberts, Croxall, Lawley, unknown

Margaret Tweddle was baptized 6 Mar 1728 at Lanercost, Cumberland the daughter of Thomas Tweddle and Margaret Robson who were themselves married  18 May 1721 at Lanercost. They baptized seven children at Lanercost. Margaret Tweddle was buried at Lanercost 28 Feb 1734/1735 at Lanercost. Thomas was buried 7 Mar 1777 at Lanercost. They lived at Ringing Hills near Lanercost. In the Howard Papers C129-15 at the Carlisle Record Office there is a receipt from Charles Earl of Carlisle to Thomas Tweddle dated 1 Feb 1733 for Rinnion hills Farme. A nice copy of his signature and crest (Bobbie Jean Hooser has given me this information). Thomas Tweddle at the time of signing this lease was of Ash, Lanercost. The lease was for seven years at 46 pounds a year.



Their children all baptized at Lanercost:

John was baptized 4 Jan 1722, married Jane Smith and died intestate in 1763
Isabel baptized 30 May 1723
Jeffrey baptized 22 Sep 1725
Margaret baptized 6 Mar 1728; married Henry Routledge 3 Oct 1759 at Lanercost
Mary baptized 28 Aug 1729 and buried 5 Feb 1730/31 at Lanercost
Thomas baptized 7 Jan 1731; married Ann Armstrong 13 Jun 1765 at Lanercost, died 1795
Elizabeth baptized 26 Apr 1734; married William Armstrong 24 Jan 1762 at Lanercost

Thomas (married to Margaret Robson) was baptized 5 Jul 1693 at Lanercost (died 27 Feb 1777 at Ringing Hills, and buried 7 Mar 1777 at Lanercost). His father was Thomas Tweddle and his wife's name unknown but they baptized five children at Lanercost:

John baptized 30 Sep 1691 (likely buried before 1705)
Thomas baptized 5 Jul 1693; married Margaret Robson 18 May 1721 at Lanercost
Margaret baptized 24 Aug 1697; married John Armstrong 10 Oct 1721 at Lanercost
John baptized 16 Mar 1704/05 (this is likely the John Twedel who married Jane Tweddle 4 Jan 1722); married Sybella Routledge 26 Nov 1742 at Bewcastle
Isabel baptized 2 Jan 1707

I have not yet done any research on Thomas Tweddle prior to this time. I do know that the Protestation Returns list the following Tweddle males in Eskdale Ward:

Eskdale    Lanercost    Triermaine    Tweady    Rowland       
Eskdale    Stapleton        Twedall    Hinsord       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Triermaine    Tweddall    John       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Triermaine    Tweddall    David       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Triermaine    Tweddall    John        of Hill
Eskdale    Lanercost    Triermaine    Tweddall    Thomas       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Triermaine    Tweddall    Leonard       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Triermaine    Tweddall    Leonard       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Triermaine    Tweddall    Emont       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Burdowswell    Tweddall    Thomas       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Burdowswell    Tweddall    Hurbet       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Burdowswell    Tweddall    Edward        Under Theuge
Eskdale    Lanercost    Burdowswell    Tweddall    Edward        of Burdowsell
Eskdale    Lanercost    Burdowswell    Tweddall    Thomas       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Burdowswell    Tweddall    John       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Burdowswell    Tweddall    Franncis       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Burdowswell    Tweddall    Thomas       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Burdowswell    Tweddall    Edward       
Eskdale    Cumrew        Tweddell    Nicholas       
Eskdale    Denton    Upper Denton    Tweddell    Thomas       
Eskdale    Denton    Upper Denton    Tweddell    John       
Eskdale    Farlam        Tweddell    James       
Eskdale    Farlam        Tweddell    Richard       
Eskdale    Lanercost    Triermaine    Tweedall    Robert       

Eskdale Ward includes both Lanercost and Bewcastle along with another seventeen parishes (Denton, Farlam, Cumrew and Stapleton also have Tweddle families living there in 1641-42).

Lanercost is divided into five areas plus Lanercost village - Triermaine, Burdowswell, Askerton, Bywaters and Kirkcammeck. By 1829 Rinnion Hills is listed as being part of the manor of Kingwater.

"There were four manors of Lanercost;  Askerton (which had Side, etc); Walton Wood; and Troddermain.  There were five townships:  Askerton, Banks, Burtholme, Kingwater and Waterhead.  Abbey Lanercost is in the small hamlet in Burtholme Twp on the north bank of the Irthing 2 ½ miles north of Brampton .  Askerton contained 74 dwellings in 1829 and lies between the river Line and Kingwater from 4 to 8 miles North of Brampton.  It comprises the ancient Parish of Kirkcambock or Cambeck, the church was ruined.  They are obliged to marry, bury and baptize at Lanercost and for their instruction in religion they go thither or to Stapleton, Bewcastle or whither they see fit.  Askerton Castle lies on the east bank of the Cambeck rivulet which flows to the Irthing built by the Barons Dacre for the residence of the Land Sergeantof Gilsland who commanded a few men in arms to protect the barony against the inroads of Moss-troopers.  The Earl of Carlisle’s manor of Trodder-main comprises the township of Askerton .  Banks Twp in 1829 was divided between the twps of Burtholme and Waterhead.  Gilsland had two large Inns.  Island, a hamlet is in Burtholme twp.  It containsthe hamlet of West-Hall and about 45 dispersed dwellings in 1829.  from 4-11 miles NNE of Brampton .  In the northern part of the twp  is a wild mountainous tract called Spadeadam Waste.  Waterhead Twp is divided from Northumberland by the river Irthing and had a number of detached swellings, with Gilsmalnd and Durdoswald.  West-HGalll a hamlet in Kirgwater Twp 5 miles N by E of Brampton.
Askerton:  Holme House, Knorron Lodge, Shopford, birkbush, Lines, Wintershields, Side, Lees Hill, Redsike, Floweryhurst, Smithsteads, Red Hill, Gillalees, Howdale, Kirkcambeck, Bogside, Allergarth, Floweryhurst, High Grains, Kirkcambeck, Fawcettlees, Gallabery, Askerton, Woodhead, Collinbank, High House, Bewsleybank, Hurdhill, Dollerline (Shopford, Bush).
Burtholme:  Barras foot; Garthside, Banks foot; Friarwaingate, Lanercost, Wall, burtholme, Moorfield, Moorfield, Hole head, Banksburn, Heugh, Crookstown, Holmes, Howgill, King hill, Abbey, Hare hill, callees, Whitefield, brownhurst, Abbey, Walton Woodhead, Low wall, St. Mary’s holme; Hayton gate
Kingwater:  Allanstead, Newfield, Kingsbridgeford, Harest,Palmerhill New House, Lees hill, West hall, Clarkshill, Rowntreehill, Heughgreen, Wileysidke, Rinnionhills, Swaites, Soglin, Spadeadam, Terrosset, Hallguards, Moorguards, park nook, Long lands, Hardest,
Waterhead:  Banks, Gilsland, breckneybed, Shaws hotel, Orchard House, chapel burn; Breckneybed, Snowdenclose, Lannerton, Killhill, Birdoswald, Slackhouse, Northrigghill, St Mary’holme, Highhouse, Miller hill, Wall holme; Hill, Troddermain, Underheugh, Carnetley, Leehill, Gunshole."

Source: History, Directory and Gazetteer of Cumberland and Westmorland, with Furness and Cartmel by Parson and White, 1829.


Thomas mentioned above as the father of Thomas Tweddle and grandfather of Margaret Tweddle married to Henry Routledge, would have likely been born after the Protestations Return of 1641-42 was taken. So I have no idea which of these men could be his father. Calling two sons John might make you think that he was the son of John but there are two John Tweddle's on this list. I do have some Tweddle wills and will take the time for this Challenge to transcribe them.

Date: 29 Jul 2015
Document: Will
Source: Carlisle Record Office, lib 76-77
Date of document: 7 May 1775, probated 18 May 1780
Author: John Tweddle
Relationship: unknown
Location: Banks Hill, Lanercost, Cumberland, England
Document quality: 18th century English, bold, even writing

1    In the Name of God Amen I John Tweddle of Banks Hill in
2    the parish of Lanercost in the County of Cumberland Yeoman being
3    weak in Body but of Sound and Perfect mind and memory blessed be
4    God for the same Do make and publish this my Last Will and Testament
    [Page 2]
5    in manner and form following (that is to say) First I give and
6    bequeath unto Richard Tweddle my nearest Kinsman now living
7    at the Said house near Brampton Carrier the sum of one Shilling
8    to be paid one Month after my Decease, Also I give and bequeath to
9    my beloved Wife Alice Tweddle (whom I hereby make sole Executrix
10    of this my last Will and Testament) all the rest residue and Remainder
11    of all my personal Estate Money Goods and Chattels and all my
12    household furniture of which kind or Nature soever and to be disposed
13    of by her at her discretion Will and pleasure and I do hereby
14    appoint John Bell of the Abbey in the same parish and county
15    aforesaid Yeoman my Trustee to see that this my last Will and
16    Testament be faithfully and truly fulfilled hereby revokine all
17    former Wills heretofore by me at any time made ratifying and
18    confirming this and no other to be my last Will and Testament In
19    Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal this Seventh
20    Day of May one Thousand seven hundred and Seventy five
21    Mark of John X Tweddle {Seal]
22    Signed sealed published and declared by the above named John
23    Tweddle in the presence of us who have herewith subscribed our
24    Names as Witnesses in the presence of the Testator James Harding
25    John Bell Christopher Harding sworn Proved May 18th 1780


This John Twedall married Alice Hall 17 Dec 1724 at Cumwhitton, Cumberland (Find My Past). Cumwhitton is eight miles from Lanercost. John describes Richard as his kinsman. There is a Richard Tweddle baptized 28 Apr 1731 at Lanercost son of John Tweddle and also a Richard Tweddle baptized. A Mary Harding married Thomas Tweddle (my 1st cousin 5x removed) 28 Jun 1794 at Lanercost. However I do not have a Richard in this line. Some identify John Tweddle (uncle to this Thomas) as being the editor of this will and that he had a son Richard. I wonder why he just didn't name him as his son however and another dozen children are mentioned for John. I think that may be erroneous.

This next administration is for a person known to me. He is the brother of my 4x great grandmother Margaret Routledge.

Recorded: 30 Jul 2015
Source: Carlisle Record Office
Deceased: John Tweddle
Place: Ringing Hills, Lanercost, Cumberland, England
Type of Record: Administration
Date of document:4 Jun 1763, administered 1 Jul 1763
Condition: 18th century English, legible copy


1    Know all Men by these Presents that We Thomas Tweddle
2    of Ringing Hills in the County of Cumberland Husbandman William
3    Armstrong of Askerton in said County Yeo and Henry
4    Routledge of Bewcastle in the said County Yeo
5    are held and firmly bound unto the Right Reverend Father in God Charles by
6    Divine Permission Lord Bishop of Carlisle in One hundred forty pounds of
7    of good and lawful Money of Great Britain, to be paid unto the said Lord Bishop or to
8    hi certain Attorney his Executors Administrators or Assigns, to which Payment well and
9    truly to be made We oblige ourselves and each of us by himself
10    for the whole our and every of our Heirs Executors and Administrators firmly
11    by these Presents Sealed with our Seals dated the fourth day of
12    June in the third Year of the Reign of our Sovereign Lord George
13    the third by the Grace of God of Great Britain France and Ireland King Defender
14    of the Faith and so forth And in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred
15    and sixty three
16    The Condition of this Obligation is such That if the above bounden
17    Thomas Tweddle natural and lawful Brother of
18    John Tweddle late of Ringing Hills afores[ai]d
19    Yeoman deceased intestate and
20    Administrator of all and singular the Goods, Chattels and Credits of the said Deceased
21    do make or cause to be made a true and perfect Inventory of all and singular the Goods
22    Chattles and Credits of the said deceased which have or shall come to the Hands Possession
23    or Knowledge of him the said Thomas Tweddle or into
24    the Hands and Possession of any Person or Persons for him and the same so made do exhibit
25    or cause to be exhibited into the Registry of the Consistory Court of Carlisle at or before
26    last day of Sept next ensuing and the same Goods, Chattles
27    and Credits and all other the Goods Chattles and Credits of the said deceased at the time
28    of his death which at anytime after shall come to the hands or Possession of the said
29    Thomas Tweddle  or into the hands and Possession of any other
30    Person or Persons for him do well and truly administer according to Law And further do
31    make or cause to be made a true and just Account of his said Administration at or before
32    the last day of June 1764 and all the Rest and Residue of the said Goods Chattles
33    and Credits which shall be found remaining upon the said Administrators Accompt the
34    same being first examined and allowed of by the judge or judges for the time being of the said
35    Court shall deliver and pay unto such Person or Persons respectively as the said Judge or Judges
36    by his or their Decree or Sentence pursuant to the true Intent and Meaning of a late Act of
37    Parliament made in the two and twentieth and three and twentieth Years of the Reign of our
38    late Sovereign Lord King Charles the Second Intituled an Act for the better settling of Intestates
39    Estates which limit and appoint And if it shall hereafter appear that any last Will and Testament
40    was made by the said deceased and the Executor or Executors therein named do exhibit
41    the same into the said Court making Request to have it allowed and approved accordingly
42    if the said Thomas Tweddle above bounden being thereunto required
43    do render and deliver the said Letters of Administration (Approbation of such Testament being
44    first had and made) in the said Court then this Obligation to be void or else to remain in full Force
45    and Virtue
46    Thomas Tweddle
47    Signed and delivered (being first duly
48    Stamped in the Presence of
49    Henry Waugh
50    William Armstrong
51    Henry Routledge
    [Page 2]
52    Carlisle June 4th 1763
53    On which day appeared personally Thomas Tweddle
54    and aledged
55    that John Tweddle late of Ringhinhills
56    in the parish of Lannercost and Diocese of
57    Carlisle Husbandman deceased died intestate without making any
58    Will so far as he doth know or believe That Jane Tweddle Widow of
60    the said deceased renounced her right to the Administration since dead and that
61    he the said Thomas was the real and lawful Brother of the said deceased
62    Therefore he prayed Letter of Administration of all and
63    singular the Goods Chattels and Credits of the said deceased
64    to be committed and granted to him the said Thomas
65    Tweddle on his giving good and sufficient security
66    in that behalf
67    The said Thomas Tweddle was
68    sworn in due form of Law
69    the truth of the presence and to faithfully
70    Administer and to the truth of the
71    Inventory
72    Before me
73    Hen: Richardson
74    Surrog.
    [Page 3]
75    Know all Men by these presents that I Jane
76    Tweddle Widow Relict of John Tweddle late of
77    Ringhin Hills in the parish of Lannercost in the County
78    of Cumberland and Diocese of Carlisle Husbandman deceased
79    intestate for divers good causes and considerations me hereunto
80    especially moving Do renounce the Letter of Administration
81    of all and singular the Goods Chattels and Credits of the
82    said deceased, and to thee end that this my Renunciation
83    may have its due effect I do hereby inpower any one of
84    the Proctors of the Consistory Court of Carlisle to exhibite
85    this my Renunciation before the Worshipful and reverend
86    John Waugh Doctor of Laws Vicar general and Official
87    principal of the said Consistory Court or his Surrogate
88    or other competent Judge in this behalf and pray the same
89    to be admitted and enacted And I do hereby satisfy and
90    confirm what such Proctor shall lawfully do forwith
91    in my name touching the premises In Witness
92    whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal
93    the eleventh day of May in the year of our Lord
94    One thousand seven hundred and sixty three
95    Jane Tweddle
96    Signed Sealed and Delivered
97    (being first duly stamped)
98    in the presence of us
99    Robt Latimer
100    William Armstrong
    [Page 4]
101    A true full and perfect Inventory of all and singular the
102    goods Chattels and Credits of John Tweddle
103    late of Ringinghills in the Parish of Lanercost
104    the Ciocese of Carlisle Yeoman deceased Appraized
105    on the Sixth day of April 1763 By William
106    Armstrong and Henry Routledge
107         L  s  d
108    His Horses, Apparell and Riding Furniture    10   0   0
109    Milk Cows    12   0   0
110    Young Cattle    12   0   0
111    Young Horses     5    0   0
112    Corn     7   0   0
113    Clock     3   0   0
114    Dresser     3   0   0
115    Press     2   0   0
116    Bedds and Bedding     7   0   0
117    Carts and Husbandry Gear with some   
118    other Household furniture     6  16   0
119                                                  £    67   16   0
120    Appraisors William Armstrong sworn
121    Henry Routledge sworn

The last will of the set that I purchased from the Carlisle Record Office is for Thomas Tweddle brother of John Tweddle and my 4x great grandmother Margaret Routledge.

Date: 30 Jul 2015
Document: Will
Source: Carlisle Record Office, lib 1159
Date of document: 25 Nov 1794, probated 4 Apr 1795
Author: Thomas Tweddle
Relationship: 4th great granduncle
Location: Ringon Hills, Lanercost, Cumberland, England
Document quality: 18th century English, bold, even writing

[Heading] Thomas Tweddle

1    In the Name of God Amen November the twenty fifth day
2    1794 I Thomas Tweddle of Ringon hills in the parish of Lanner
3    costand County Cumberland HusbandMan Being very Sick and weak
4    of Body but of perfect mind and Memory thanks be given unto God
5    Do mak and appoint this my last Will and Testament that is to
6    say principally I recommend my Soul to God that Gave it and my
7    Body to the Earth to be buried in a Decent manner and as touching
8    such worldly goods as it hath pleased God to bless me with I Give
9    devise and bequeath to my Daughter Margaret Holme Twenty pounds
10    together with one meal Christ standing on the low hous Loft I also
11    give and bequeath to my Daughter Mary Tweddle Sixty pounds
12    Also I give and bequeath to my Daughter Ann Tweddle Sixty
13    Pounds I likewise Give and bequeath to my Daughter Susanna
14    Tweddle Sixty Pounds I further give and bequeath to my three
15    youngest Daughters Mary Tweddle Ann Tweddle and Susanna
16    Tweddle the two best Oak presses one Dresser in the Kitchen
17    and the furniture theiron and Corner Cubert with the Cheaney
18    and Silver Spoons from and Tea tongs their in three Round
19    tables two Box Irons and bedstead standing at the West
20    end of the parlor loft one bedstead standing facen the stare
21    head on the Kitchen loft Also all the Bedding Sheets Cloth
22    and table linnins and all the Cloth of every kind and that
23    lint wheals they shall chuise on a long Chack Real one wolen
24    wheal of their Chuisen to be Divided among them shair and
25    shair alike Except two Beds furnished according to their
26    Discretion and they shall think fit and the Clothing on the close
27    Bed as it stands which I give unto and bequeath with all my
28    Money and the Rest of my Goods and Effects to my two Sons
29    Thomas Tweddle and Robert Tweddle whom I make sole Executors
30    of this my last Will and Testament and I do hereby utterly
31    disallow revoke and disannual all and Every other wills Testaments
32    Legacies bequests and Executors by me at any time heare to fore
33    Named and made Willed and bequeathed Ratifying and Confirming this
34    and no other to be my last Will and Testament In Witness
35    whereof I have hereunto Set my Hand and Seal the the day and
36    Year above written Thomas Tweddle [s] Witness
37    Joseph Armstrong Sworn Mary Harding
38    Proved April 4th 1795


Margaret Routledge returned to live at Lanercost after the death of her husband Henry as their eldest son William died at Askerton. But did she marry? There are burials for Margaret Routledge but I am not sure which one is her however I am convinced that she had died before Thomas emigrated to Canada in 1818 as he would not have likely left his mother behind. She did not come with them as far as I have been able to determine.

The Tweddle family remained at Askerton into the 1800s. They did not emigrate with the Routledges to London Township, Middlesex County. 

Ancestry of Margaret Tweddle:

1. Elizabeth BLAKE
2. Helen Louise PINCOMBE (b 18 Oct 1916) - Westminster Township Middlesex County Ontario Canada
3. John Routledge PINCOMBE (b 10 Sep 1872)- Lobo Township Middlesex County Ontario Canada
4. Grace GRAY (b 22 Mar 1839) - London Township Middlesex County Ontario Canada
5. Mary ROUTLEDGE (b 1804 and b 23 Jun 1813) - Bewcastle Cumberland England
6. Thomas ROUTLEDGE (b 25 Jul 1763) - Bewcastle Cumberland England
7. Margaret TWEDDLE (b 6 Mar 1728) - Lanercost Cumberland England
8. Thomas TWEDDLE (b 6 Jul 1693) - Ringing Hills Lanercost Cumberland England
9. Thomas TWEDDLE (b c 1660s)


Thursday, August 27, 2015

Pincombe autosomal results

Finally my Pincombe DNA project is starting to come together. I have two autosomal Pincombe matches and a third to come very shortly. Since some of my siblings have tested these results are duplicated and triplicated in various sets of results. I am now realizing that I am seeing not just my Pincombe line but also the line of John Pincombe (the emigrant)'s wife Elizabeth Rew and the wife of his father Robert Pincombe namely Elizabeth Rowcliffe. That is because the two Pincombe results I have thus far are showing differences. I think this is going to be very worthwhile. Because my mother's brother did not have any children and my grandfather was the only child in his family to survive I do not have any first cousins and only half second cousins in this line to test. The rest are my third cousins and fourth cousins etc. Hence the matches are with third and fourth cousins thus far. I am writing to one of my half second cousins to see if he would consider testing. I would then have William Robert (my great grandfather) and his second wife who will also match as she is my second cousins twice removed, her mother having been Lydia Elworthy who was the daughter of Richard Elworthy and Elizabeth Pincombe (John Pincombe the emigrant's sister). However, I should see a match with him and my third cousin once removed who is descended from John Pincombe (brother to my William Robert) and the sister of Lydia Elworthy named Maria.

We will see how that goes! Finding other Pincombe cousins to test would be really great and there is still Richard Pincombe's descendants (whom I have met and remember) and they will have Pincombe, Rowcliffe and Rew and they are my third cousins as Richard was a younger brother to William Robert.

Why am I doing this? I need to keep remembering as I do not want to lose the greater picture by becoming completely immersed in my own direct line. The Pincombe/Pinkham one name study is more than 75 years old now and the data collection preceded the Second World War most fortunately for us as Richard Pinkham went to the Record Office in Devon and abstracted all the Pincombe wills that were there including the one of my 4x great grandfather John Pincombe. He, however, was of the opinion that the Pincombe family and the Pinkham family had a common ancestor and was working towards that thought.

I do not have a preconceived notion on all of this and I really prefer to keep the study intact that he produced but it may undergo a few changes. Gradually over time as the DNA results come in from Pinkham and Pincombe members around the world we may see an answer to the question - were they one and the same family?

Friday, August 21, 2015

23 and Me

I have now completed testing for 23 and Me for both my brother and myself. As it turns out we are as far apart as two siblings can be and still be full siblings. The usual range for siblings is 2640 to 3400. We match at 2646 at 23 and Me. So I can expect to see displayed the greatest variety between the two of us for our ethnicity and the results did not disappoint in that regard.

Myself                My Brother                       %  Region
99.9%                    99.8%                               European
98.5%                    97.2%                               Northern European
54.2%                    47.3%                               British and Irish
14.4%                    20.9%                               French and German
  2.0%                      1.0%                               Scandinavian
27.9%                    28.0%                               Broadly Northern European

  0.3%                      0.9%                               Southern European
                               less than 0.1%                  Italian
  0.3%                      0.8%                               Broadly Southern European
  0.2%                      0.2%                               Ashkenazi
  0.8%                      1.5%                               Broadly European
  0.1%                      0.1%                               Oceanian
less than  0.1%        less than 0.1%                North African and Middle East
                                Less than 0.1%               Sub saharan Africa
   0.1%                     0.1%                               Unassigned          

One does hear that 23 and Me are meant to have the best ethnicity estimatations. They do use 31 populations worldwide.

I think perhaps what I like best is that we are very close the only really big differences are in the estimate of British and Irish and in French and German.  Thus far our ancestry has proven to be 100% English back to the 1500s but I have a couple of lines that are brickwalled where the possibility of something different may be hiding behind that wall. Plus my Routledge line is definitely Scot prior to 1400 making me an ancient Scot. Is British and Irish just a heading used for you whether you have British or Irish or does it mean that you have both British and Irish (where British refers to England, Scotland and Wales). I will read up to understand that. The Italian in my brothers was totally unexpected. Every DNA test has found Ashkenazi so I know that somewhere in my distant past I do have Jewish ancestors. Not sure how far back but a couple of us are working on that as I have a number of Jewish matches in all my projects. The African and Middle Eastern shows our roots and it is amazing that 60,000 years have passed since my lines left Africa but still a tiny amount clings to one gene (I suspect that is my mother's side because her lines were in Devon and it has been mentioned that one does find Middle East/Africa/Southern Europe in Devon and Cornwall DNA results). Wouldn't it be nice if we could know which of the two genes is our father's donation and which is our mother's donation. That may come gradually as I understand the matches.

I highly recommend testing at all the major companies so that you are in their databases. It is my genealogy money well spent I think especially Family Finder at FT DNA, or test at Ancestry or 23 and Me where autosomal testing is always done. I started out on my genealogy buying fiche of parishes and wills but now all of that is online in the various databases (or coming online). The next stage of genealogy does appear to be DNA.